Challenge Criteria

The goal of the FRST Challenge is for participants to produce marketable prototypes that demonstrate indoor localization and tracking of first responders within 1-meter accuracy in a variety of buildings without any pre-deployed infrastructure. Marketable prototypes will be robust for first responder use cases, scalable across diverse organizations and communities, and affordable for first responder organizations. The formal rules for each phase will be published on before each phase of the competition.*

As the challenge moves from the whitepaper concept presented in Phase 1 to robust prototypes in Phase 5, the teams will be evaluated with the following criteria.




Objective measure of a team’s ability to accurately detect and locate first responders.

Ease of Deployment

Practicality and efficiency of the infrastructure needed to deploy and use a team’s solution.


Ability to operate effectively in multiple scenarios, adverse conditions, and environments. This score is also based on the solution’s durability, flexibility, and expected maintenance needs. 

User Experience

Subject matter experts’ analysis and experience during live field testing. Proposed solutions should be easy and simple for personnel to use in a variety of situations in the field.

Cost Feasibility

Metrics associated with cost and how practical an implementation would be for first responder groups of varying size.

Business Development Plan

A team’s proposed business development, commercialization, licensing, and related goals.


Ability of the prototype to utilize various types of data and infrastructure. While the core system must operate without pre-deployed infrastructure, if specific tools, data, and services are provided, can the systems use it. This might include items such as electronic maps, cellular and WiFi networks, and GPS signals.

*Criteria are subject to change in weights and definitions as the challenge progresses. The exact judging criteria will be released with the challenge rules and become official when published on